Children develop numeracy and numeral recognition using sandpaper numerals, teens
and ten boards, and become confident in manipulating numbers and representing
various quantities with numerals. They explore the operations of arithmetic through
the unique Montessori Golden Beads materials. The Bead Cabinet, which includes long
and short chains with beads, provides concrete, multi-sensory experiences of the
squaring and cubing of numbers from one to ten, at once reinforcing the memorization
of multiplication, addition, subtraction and division.